How to open a dmp file in windows 10

Last Updated: Jan 21, 2024 by

If you’ve ever experienced a blue screen of death (BSOD) on your Windows 10 computer, you may have seen a message that says “Your PC ran into a problem and needs to restart. We’re just collecting some error info, and then we’ll restart for you.” This error message is often accompanied by a dmp file, which contains information about the error that caused the BSOD.

But what exactly is a dmp file, and how can you open it in Windows 10? In this article, we’ll explain what a dmp file is, why it’s important, and how you can open it in Windows 10.

What is a DMP File?

A dmp file, short for “dump file”, is a file that contains information about a system crash or error on a Windows computer. When a BSOD occurs, Windows automatically creates a dmp file to help diagnose the issue.

The dmp file contains a record of the system’s memory at the time of the crash, including the state of the processor, the loaded drivers, and the current process and thread information. This information can be extremely helpful in identifying the cause of the crash and finding a solution.

Why is a DMP File Important?

When your computer crashes and displays a BSOD, it can be frustrating and confusing. However, the dmp file can provide valuable information that can help you troubleshoot and fix the issue.

By analyzing the dmp file, you can determine the cause of the crash and take steps to prevent it from happening again. This can save you time and frustration in the long run, as well as potentially prevent further damage to your computer.

How to Open a DMP File in Windows 10

Opening a dmp file in Windows 10 is a relatively simple process. Here’s how to do it:

  1. First, you’ll need to download and install a dmp file viewer. There are several options available, such as BlueScreenView, WhoCrashed, and WinDbg. These programs are designed specifically for analyzing dmp files and can provide detailed information about the crash.
  2. Once you’ve installed a dmp file viewer, you can open it and select the option to open a dmp file. This will prompt you to navigate to the location of the dmp file on your computer.
  3. The dmp file is typically located in the “C:\Windows\Minidump” folder. If you can’t find it there, you may need to enable hidden files and folders in your Windows settings.
  4. Once you’ve located the dmp file, select it and click “Open”. The dmp file viewer will then analyze the file and display the information about the crash.

Troubleshooting with a DMP File

Now that you know how to open a dmp file in Windows 10, you may be wondering what to do with the information it provides. Here are some tips for troubleshooting with a dmp file:

Identify the Cause of the Crash

The first step in troubleshooting with a dmp file is to identify the cause of the crash. The dmp file viewer will display information about the error, such as the name of the driver or process that caused the crash.

By researching this information, you can determine if the crash was caused by a specific program or driver, and take steps to fix the issue.

Update Drivers and Software

In some cases, a BSOD may be caused by outdated or faulty drivers or software. If the dmp file indicates that a specific driver or program caused the crash, try updating it to the latest version.

You can usually find updates for drivers and software on the manufacturer’s website. If the issue persists after updating, you may need to uninstall the driver or program and find an alternative solution.

Check for Hardware Issues

In some cases, a BSOD may be caused by hardware issues, such as a faulty RAM or hard drive. If the dmp file indicates that the crash was caused by a hardware issue, you may need to run diagnostic tests to identify the problem.

You can use built-in Windows tools, such as the Memory Diagnostic Tool, to check for hardware issues. If the tests indicate a problem, you may need to replace the faulty hardware.

Preventing Future Crashes

Once you’ve identified and fixed the issue that caused the BSOD, you may be wondering how to prevent it from happening again in the future. Here are some tips for preventing future crashes:

Keep Your Drivers and Software Up to Date

As mentioned earlier, outdated or faulty drivers and software can cause crashes. To prevent this, make sure to regularly check for updates and install them as needed.

Run Regular Maintenance

Performing regular maintenance on your computer can help prevent crashes and keep your system running smoothly. This includes tasks such as cleaning up temporary files, running disk cleanup, and defragmenting your hard drive.

Use Antivirus Software

Viruses and malware can also cause crashes on your computer. To prevent this, make sure to use reputable antivirus software and keep it up to date.


A dmp file may seem like a mysterious and confusing file, but it can provide valuable information when your computer crashes. By learning how to open and analyze a dmp file in Windows 10, you can troubleshoot and fix issues that may be causing BSODs on your computer.

Remember to regularly update your drivers and software, perform maintenance on your computer, and use antivirus software to prevent future crashes. With these tips, you can keep your computer running smoothly and avoid the frustration of a BSOD.

Gulrukh Ch

About the Author: Gulrukh Ch

Gulrukh Chaudhary, an accomplished digital marketer and technology writer with a passion for exploring the frontiers of innovation. Armed with a Master's degree in Information Technology, Gulrukh seamlessly blends her technical prowess with her creative flair, resulting in captivating insights into the world of emerging technologies. Discover more about her on her LinkedIn profile.

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