How to check graphics card windows 10

Last Updated: Feb 18, 2024 by

If you’re experiencing video artifacts or other issues with your computer’s graphics, it may be time to check your graphics card. The graphics card, also known as the video card or GPU, is responsible for rendering images and videos on your computer screen. In this article, we’ll discuss how to check your graphics card in Windows 10 and troubleshoot any potential issues.

Why Check Your Graphics Card?

Your graphics card is an essential component of your computer, especially if you use it for gaming or graphic design. Over time, your graphics card may experience wear and tear, which can lead to performance issues. Checking your graphics card can help you identify any potential problems and take steps to fix them before they become more serious.

Video Artifacts

One common issue that may indicate a problem with your graphics card is video artifacts. These are visual distortions or glitches that appear on your screen, such as flickering, lines, or color distortions. If you notice these issues while using your computer, it’s a good idea to check your graphics card.

Poor Performance

Another sign that your graphics card may be experiencing issues is poor performance. If you notice that your computer is running slower than usual, or if games or videos are lagging, it could be due to a problem with your graphics card.

Power Supply

It’s also important to check your graphics card if you’ve recently upgraded your computer’s power supply. A more powerful power supply can put additional strain on your graphics card, and it’s important to make sure it can handle the increased load.

How to Check Your Graphics Card in Windows 10

There are a few different ways to check your graphics card in Windows 10. We’ll cover the most common methods below.

Device Manager

The first method is to use the Device Manager. This is a built-in Windows tool that allows you to view and manage all the hardware devices connected to your computer.

To access the Device Manager, follow these steps:

  1. Right-click on the Windows Start button and select “Device Manager” from the menu.
  2. In the Device Manager window, expand the “Display adapters” category.
  3. Your graphics card should be listed here. If you have multiple graphics cards, they will all be listed.

System Information

Another way to check your graphics card is to use the System Information tool. This tool provides detailed information about your computer’s hardware and software.

To access the System Information tool, follow these steps:

  1. Press the Windows key + R to open the Run dialog box.
  2. Type “msinfo32” and press Enter.
  3. In the System Information window, expand the “Components” category and select “Display”.
  4. Your graphics card information will be listed here.

Third-Party Software

There are also third-party software programs available that can provide more detailed information about your graphics card. Some popular options include GPU-Z, Speccy, and HWiNFO. These programs can provide information such as clock speeds, temperatures, and more.

Troubleshooting Graphics Card Issues in Windows 10

If you’ve checked your graphics card and identified an issue, there are a few steps you can take to troubleshoot and fix the problem.

Update Drivers

The first step is to make sure your graphics card drivers are up to date. Drivers are software programs that allow your computer to communicate with hardware devices, such as your graphics card. Outdated drivers can cause performance issues and other problems.

To update your graphics card drivers, follow these steps:

  1. Open the Device Manager as described above.
  2. Right-click on your graphics card and select “Update driver”.
  3. Choose the option to search automatically for updated driver software.
  4. If an update is available, follow the prompts to install it.

Check for Overheating

Overheating can cause serious issues with your graphics card, including video artifacts and poor performance. Make sure your computer has proper ventilation and is not overheating. You can also use third-party software to monitor your graphics card’s temperature and make sure it’s within a safe range.

Check Power Supply

If you’ve recently upgraded your computer’s power supply, make sure it can handle the increased load. If your power supply is not powerful enough, it can cause issues with your graphics card and other components.

Clean Your Graphics Card

Over time, dust and debris can build up on your graphics card, which can affect its performance. Use compressed air or a soft cloth to clean your graphics card and make sure it’s free of dust and debris.


Your graphics card is a crucial component of your computer, and it’s important to check it regularly for any potential issues. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can identify and troubleshoot any problems with your graphics card and keep it running smoothly. Remember to update your drivers, monitor for overheating, and clean your graphics card regularly to ensure optimal performance.

Gulrukh Ch

About the Author: Gulrukh Ch

Gulrukh Chaudhary, an accomplished digital marketer and technology writer with a passion for exploring the frontiers of innovation. Armed with a Master's degree in Information Technology, Gulrukh seamlessly blends her technical prowess with her creative flair, resulting in captivating insights into the world of emerging technologies. Discover more about her on her LinkedIn profile.